CIS Director of Policy Studies Jessica Vaughan said Trump's plan to limit the ability of immigrants to bring family members to the United States, so-called "chain migration", will take years to offset those who have been eligible for legal status under Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, a temporary program created by former president Barack Obama that expires in March.
"We'll either have something that's fair and equitable and good and secure, or we're going to have nothing at all", he told his fellow Republicans. "They're missing in action", Trump said at the Republican National Committee's winter meeting at his Washington hotel.
"I know that the Senate is planning to bring an immigration bill to the floor in the coming weeks, and I am asking today that the framework we submitted be the bill that the Senate votes on".
Some Republicans have indicated they want a full-year of defense spending attached to a short-term bill, and conservatives in the House have suggested they won't support another short-term bill unless the House votes on the hardline immigration bill they support.
Whether the lack of progress signalled the possibility of another federal government shutdown next week was unclear, but it anxious the Dreamers, young people who were brought illegally into the United States as children. And while there was no formal immigration session on the agenda, Lankford and other lawmakers said the issue has come up frequently in informal talks among lawmakers.
Republican lawmakers at a party retreat to work on the congressional agenda do not have immigration as an official agenda topic, The Washington Post reported. In exchange for offering a path to citizenship for 1.8 million young undocumented immigrants, the administration wants not only a $25 billion border wall "trust fund", but also new limitations of legal immigration - such as cuts to family immigration visas, which Republicans call "chain migration", and the elimination of the program that distributes visas to citizens of certain countries by lottery.
"A merit-based system would properly match the needs of the modern United States economy and protect vulnerable blue- collar American workers", the White House said. In the House, conservatives have demanded a hard-line bill, with some arguing that the White House plan is too lenient on a path to citizenship.
"We need to end chain migration and we need to cancel the bad visa lottery".
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell promised that wouldn't happen, saying, "There's no education in the second kick of a mule". "But the other stuff, if the stakes get raised and then other issues enter the conversation it gets more complicated, and it gets harder to pass in the House". On top of those Democratic concerns, Republicans may have trouble passing another government funding bill themselves. "Far from a compromise that can pass, it is a deeply partisan proposal that, fortunately, is dead on arrival".
Trump in his first State of the Union address Wednesday pushed for an immigration policy that attracts the best and the brightest to the US.