The missile was launched from the Pacific Missile Range Facility on Kauai, Hawaii.
The agency will continue to develop ballistic missile technologies to stay ahead of the threat as it evolves in light of ongoing North Korean ballistic missile tests. A sailor on the USS John Paul Jones triggered a self-destruct sequence by mistake.
Early on Tuesday, North Korea carried out a test which saw a ballistic missile fly over the Japanese island of Hokkaido and land in the Pacific Ocean after flying more than 2,700 kilometers (1700 miles).
The test comes amid heightened tensions between North Korea and the US.
This was the third time that the SM-6 missile successfully engaged a ballistic missile target in its terminal phase. President Donald Trump said "all options are on the table" in response to the test.
The test was conducted off the coast of Hawaii from the USS John Paul Jones, using Standard Missile-6 guided missiles, according to the statement.
Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland says North Korea's latest provocative missile test is a reckless violation of Japan's sovereignty.
The principal objective of the launch was test to a new targeting software created to enable the SM-6 to intercept a ballistic missile warhead descending from the upper atmosphere at extreme speed. It's the only missile that supports anti-air warfare, anti-surface warfare and sea-based terminal ballistic missile defense in one solutionand it's enabling the US and its allies to cost-effectively increase the offensive might of surface forces.
In May, the US, in the first test of its ground-based intercept system at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, intercepted an intercontinental ballistic missile launched from the Ronald Reagan Ballistic Missile Defense Test Site on Kwajalein Atoll in the Marshall Islands, which is 4,200 miles away.
In that test, the interceptor collided with the ICBM-class target over the Pacific Ocean a little more than one hour after it was launched.